کابل پرس: خبری، تحلیلی و انتقادی



پذيرش > دیدگاه > پیمان راهبردی میان افغانستان و آمریکا

پیمان راهبردی میان افغانستان و آمریکا

شنبه 16 نوامبر 2013, بوسيله‌ى سید نظام طاهری

بتاریخ 20 می سال 2014 نشست عمومی کشور های عضو اتحاد ناتو در شهر شیکاگوی آمریکا برگزار خواهد شد و ناتو در تلاش است تا قبل از رسیدن تاریخ مذکور از چگونگی پیمان راهبردی میان افغانستان و آمریکا بداند تا بتواند در تصمیم گیری های بودیجوی سالانه اش افغانستان را بگنجاند و مقدار حمایت مالی و نظامی خود را برای افغانستان مشخص بسازد . چنان تصمیمی را ناتو همه ساله برای کشور های که هم پیمان شان هستند و یا تازه هم پیمان شان می گردند انجام می دهند.
قرار بود بعد از بسیار گفتگو ها توسط هیئت های افغانستان و آمریکا پیش نویس این پیمان تکمیل و بدست نشر سپرده شود ولی نظر به عوامل مختلف در ماه های گذشته هیئت های دوطرف نتوانستند به این کار نائل گردند و همواره تنش ها و اتهامات بین این دو کشور به عناوین مختلف اوج گرفت و مانع تکمیل پیش نویس پیمان راهبردی گردید که این خود ضعف مدیریتی هر دو طرف را نشان می دهد.
سال 2014 برای مردم افغانستان به یک کابوس تبدیل شده است که نگرانی ها را به اوج خود رسانیده است. مردم حق دارند نگران باشند زیرا تجارب چهار دهۀ گذشته افغانستان نشان داده است که کشور های همسایه و کشور های منطقه در حق شان جفا های زیادی نموده اند و هرگز نخواسته اند تا افغانستان به یک کشور عاری از خشونت و جنگ و مواد مخدر تبدیل گردد و پیوسته از حلقه های که به منافع آن کشور ها عمل کرده اند حمایت و در تمویل و تحهیز شان کوشیده اند.
از جانب دیگر مردم افغانستان تجارب تلخی که از کشور های غربی دارند نمی خواهند این بار تجارب ناکام، تکرار شود و تنها روی کاغذ باقی مانده و هیچگاه به آن عمل صورت نگیرد. کشور های غربی در بعد از پیروزی مردم افغانستان در برابر اتحاد جماهیر شوروی سابق به آن همه وعده هائیکه به بازسازی کشور و برگردانیدن صلح و آوردن بهبود در زندگی مردم داده بودند وفا نکردند و افغانستان و مردمش را در پرتگاه فراموشی سپردند و با همه مصیبت ها و ادامۀ جنگ های بی معنی نخواستند کشور را کمک کنند.
درست زمانی غربی ها توجه دوباره به افغانستان کردند که خودشان مورد حمله های دهشت افگنانه قرار گرفتند که ماه سبتمبر سال 2001 خود اثبات این ادعاست برای برگشتاندن امن ، صلح و ثبات در کشور های خود دست به اقدام شدند و به همین منظور کشور و مردم افغانستان محراق توجه دوباره قرار گرفت البته خیلی ناوقت بود اقدامیکه باید سالها پیش صورت می گرفت و بعد از پیروزی مردم افغانستان در مقابل اتحاد جماهیر شوروی سابق ، برای صلح و امنیت تلاش صورت می گرفت.
پیمان راهبردی و یا استراتیژیک با ایالات متحده آمریکا می تواند کشور را از بسیاری بحران های که بعد از سال 2014 توسط بعضی کشور های منطقه، قرار است راه اندازی شود، نجات دهد، بشرط اینکه آمریکا به همه بند های پیمان امنیتی صادقانه باقی بماند و به آن عمل نماید منحیث یک شریک استراتیژیک از کشور و مردم افغانستان در سطح دنیا حمایت نماید.
این تنها افغانستان نیست که از امضای پیمان راهبردی منفعت می برد بلکه ایالات متحده آمریکا نیز به آن نیازمند است تا جلو نا امنی ها و بی ثباتی ها و نظامی گری ها را در داخل کشورش بگیرد. در شرایط کنونی همه کشور ها نیاز کار مشترک را دارند تا از منافع کشور های شان دفاع نموده و فضای امن برای زندگی صلح آمیز مردم شان ایجاد نمایند و افغانستان هم به حکم عضو جامعۀ جهانی و ملل متحد می تواند مستقلانه برای رسیدن به یک کشور با عزت تصمیم شفاف بگیرد.
دو کشور همسایۀ افغانستان جمهوری اسلامی ایران و جمهوری اسلامی پاکستان شدیدا دست بکار شده اند تا نگذارند این پیمان امضا شود زیرا آنان فکر می کنند با امضای پیمان، تاثیر گذاری شان به سرنوشت افغانستان کمتر می شود و افغانستان به یک کشور تاثیر گذار در منطقه تبدیل خواهد شد که تحولات در منطقه را رقم خواهد زد. از جانب دیگر شاید فکر کنند که افغانستان در پی انتقام گیری جفاهای که بر آن روا داشته اند براید و آینده را برای این دو کشور باداشتن هم پیمانان قوی تاریکتر بسازد چیزیکه دولت افغانستان همیشه آنرا رد می کند و می گوید که افغانستان جای نخواهد بود تا امنیت کشور های همسایه و منطقه از آنجا به خطر مواجه شود.
ما و شما شاهد خواهیم بود که به محض امضا شدن پیمان راهبردی جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان و ایالات متحده آمریکا ، کشور های زیادی غربی تلاش خواهند کرد تا چنین پیمانها را با افغانستان به امضا برسانند تا منافع شان در دراز مدت محفوظ باقی بماند و در تحولات جهانی نقش آفرین باشند.
آمریکا در افغانستان تجربۀ ناکام روسها را خوب بخاطر دارد و نمی خواهد آنرا تکرار کند به همین منظور ماه ها قبل ازرسیدن 2014 در تلاش گرفتن مشروعیت از دولت و مردم برآمده است تا حضور دوامدار خود را مشروعیت بخشد و تمام بند های پیمان استراتیژیک را روی میز بگذارد تا روی هریک از آنها صحبت و تصمیم دوجانبه صورت بگیرد.

در سفر آقای جان کری وزیر خارجۀ آمریکا به کابل و دیدار طولانی اش با آقای کرزی رئیس جمهور کشور به چهار نقطه موافقت صورت گرفت و یک نقطه جنجال برانگیز شد.
1- حاکمیت ملی افغانستان
2- تعریف تجاوز
3-جلوگیری از تلفات غیر نظامیان
4-منع خود سری های نظامیان آمریکا

اما نقطۀ خبرساز که بین هر دو کشور مشکلات و جنجالها را ایجاد کرد و در حقیقت مانع نشر پیش نویس مفاد پیمان راهبردی شد همین نقطه پنجم بود که در آن مصئونیت قضائی نیرو های آمریکائی مطرح بحث گردید که دولت افغانستان صلاحیت محکمۀ نیرو های آمریکائی را بخود حق مشروع می داند تا در دادگاه های افغانستان محکمه شود ولی آمریکا می گوید که این مغایرت با قانون اساسی آمریکا دارد. اگر سرباز آمریکائی در افغانستان مرتکب کدام جرمی شود او مصئونیت قضائی نداشته مجرم شناخته می شود و در دادگاه آمریکا محکمه می شود .

به همین منظور آقای کرزی لویه جرگۀ مشورتی را ایجاد کرد تا برایش مشوره بدهند که در مورد مصئونیت قضائی نیرو های آمریکائی چگونه باید تصمیم بگیرد . در صورت عدم موافقت دولت افغانستان، آمریکا خاک افغانستان را ترک نموده و آماده نیست با دادن صلاحیت به دادگاه کشانیدن نیرو هایش در افغانستان مخالفت صریح با قانون اساسی خود نماید.قابل ذکر است که آمریکا با کشور های زیادی عربی ، اسلامی و غربی پیمان های استراتیژی امضا نموده و هرگز به محاکمه کشانیدن نیروهایش در هیچ کشوری تن نداده است.
قراریکه روزنامۀ نیویورک تایمز نشر کرده است مصارف مالی آمریکا بعد از پیمان به مراتب افزایش میابد و در بخش های ملکی و نهاد های مدنی توجه بیشتر صورت خواهد گرفت و تخمین شده است که مصارف آمریکا به 2.7 بلیون دالر افزایش پیدا می کند ، این در حالیست که مصارف سالانۀ آمریکا بعد از سال 2010 تا حالا بین 110 بلیون دالر تا 120 بلیون دالر بوده است.
در برابر افزایش مصارف مالی ، آمریکا از دولت افغانستان خواسته است تا در مقابل فساد مبارزۀ بیشتر و واقعی نماید و در تمام مسائل پاسخگو و مسئولیت پذیر باشد. استدلال آمریکا اینست که مالیه دهندگان حالا می دانند که پول هایشان به شکل درست به مردم افغانستان نمی رسد و از فساد حاکم در دولت افغانستان باخبر شده اند.

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پذيرش > دیدگاه > پیمان راهبردی میان افغانستان و آمریکا

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پيام‌ها

  • تشکر از شما اقای طاهری من اصلا هیچ معلومات راجع به این بیمان و لویه جرگه که دایر میشود نداشتم برایم کاملا واضع شد . ممنون
    اما کاش یک نقطه دیگر هم ذکر شود که امریکا هیچ دخالت در مذهب مراسم مذهبی رعایت عجاب اسلامی نداشته باشد منحیث یک دختر افغان از بی عفتی بی عجابی سخت متنفر هستم و نگرانم که نشود ازادی بیش از حد مثلی امریکا حاکم شود حالا دختر ها و بچه های بعضی فامیل ها در چوکات اسلام و دین نیستد انگاه چه خواهد شد . خدایا دست ما به درگاه توست تو ما را از بد بختی نجات بده و امین

  • در سایت افغان پیپر بخوانید:
    www.afghanpaper.com

    نکات ضعف این قرارداد!
    متن توافقنامه امنیتی کابل واشنگتن (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)

  • به نظردهنده اول:
    امریکا در مسایل کلتوری و دینی و زبانی کشور ها مداخله نمیکند. ارتش امریکا در بیش از صد کشور جهان به شمول عربستان سعودی و بحرین و عمارات وجود دارد. درین کشور ها هیچ کس حجاب کس را از سرش بیرون ننموده. حتی در ترکیه که در زمان اتاترک در مکاتب و دانشگاه ها و پارلمان و ادرات دولتی حجاب منع بود، حالا که عضو ناتو است ، دو باره برای مردم اجازه پوشیدن حجاب در مکاتب و پوهنتون ها و پارلمان و ادارات دولتی داده میشود.

  • شما مقاله نويس صاحب هوايي اندازه نموده و چرنديات را با تحرير ((به همین منظور آقای کرزی لویه جرگۀ مشورتی را ایجاد کرد تا برایش مشوره بدهند که در مورد مصئونیت قضائی نیرو های آمریکائی چگونه باید تصمیم بگیرد)) ادامه داديد گويا كل موضوعات توافق گرديده و صرفا مورد مصونيت قضايي نيرو هاي كشور مسلمان امريكا باقي مانده است. خر خيال كردي مگر از بابت مقاله ات چند گرفتي كه جدا از همه سنت ها و هدايات چنين هذيان نوشتي، خدا از همه اولاتر ايمان مانرا حفظ بدار، آمين.

  • اقاي نظام طاهري! شاعر چه خوب فرموده: تا قلم در دست غداري (شماها) بود ------ لاجرم منصور بر داري بود

  • خدمت دوست بی نام اول باید عرض شود که امریکا دنبال چادر چاقچو نیست به کاری مردم کاری ندارد شما متوجه دین تان باشید که چادر جناب عالی از سرش نه افتد به دین شما کار ندارد انها متوجه بر نامه خود هستد دین یک فکر عقب افتادگی بشر است تا که این دکان دار ها باشند شما استقلال فکری ندارید و نمی تواننید خوب و بد را از هم تشخیص بدهید و این لویه جرگه کذایی باز هم قربانی گرفت و وای مردم بی دفاع .

  • نظام طاهري! تو گوفتي در لويه جرگه صرفا روي موضوع مصئونیت قضائی نیرو های آمریکائی قراراست بحث شود در حاليكه امشب اعلان شد ٦ روز در جرگه بحث داريم و رخصتي است، اقاي بي خبر ٦ روز مگر ميشود صرفا در مورد يك موضوع حرف زد؟ خوب كردند بر ايمان شما شك و شما را پيسه خور خطاب نمودند، اي ملت شريف و مسلمان فقط اين مانده بود در مقاله به دروغ نام امريكا از جانب پول خور صاحب، كشور برادر و مسلمان امريكا خطاب شود.

  • پیمان راهبردی میان افغانستان و آمریکا

    FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    1 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    SECURITY AND DEFENSE COOPERATION AGREEMENT
    BETWEEN
    THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
    AND
    THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN
    Preamble
    The United States of America (hereinafter, “the United States”) and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (hereinafter, “Afghanistan”), hereinafter referred to collectively as “the Parties” and singularly as a “Party;”
    Recognizing the Enduring Strategic Partnership Agreement between the United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2012) (the "Strategic Partnership Agreement") and reaffirming that, as recognized in that Agreement, the Parties are committed to strengthen long-term strategic cooperation in areas of mutual interest, including: advancing peace, security, and reconciliation; strengthening state institutions; supporting Afghanistan’s long-term economic and social development; and encouraging regional cooperation;
    Confirming the recognition in the Strategic Partnership Agreement that cooperation between the Parties is based on mutual respect and shared interests — most notably, a common desire for peace and to strengthen collective efforts to achieve a region that is economically integrated, and no longer a safe haven for al-Qaeda and its affiliates;
    Emphasizing also the Strategic Partnership Agreement’s recognition that the Parties will go forward in partnership with confidence because they are committed to seeking a future of justice, peace, security, and opportunity for the Afghan people, as well as the reaffirmation of the Parties’ strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, and national unity of Afghanistan;
    Recognizing the enduring partnership between the United States and Afghanistan, and affirming the mutual intent of the Parties to expand, mature, promote and further elevate their security and defense cooperation based on this Agreement;
    Desiring to continue to foster close cooperation concerning defense and security arrangements in order to strengthen security and stability in Afghanistan, contribute to regional and international peace and stability, combat al-Qaeda and its affiliates, and enhance the ability of Afghanistan to deter threats against its sovereignty, security, and territorial integrity; and noting that the United States does not seek permanent military facilities in Afghanistan, or a presence that is a threat to Afghanistan’s neighbors, and has FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    2 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    pledged not to use Afghan territory or facilities as a launching point for attacks against other countries;
    Recalling the Chicago Summit Declaration on Afghanistan, issued on May 21, 2012, by the Heads of State and Government of Afghanistan and Nations Contributing to the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), and specifically, the participants’ renewed firm commitment to a sovereign, secure, and democratic Afghanistan and acknowledgment that ISAF’s mission will be concluded by the end of 2014 and that their close partnership will continue beyond the end of the transition period including through NATO and Afghanistan’s mutual commitment to work to establish a new NATO-led Mission to train, advise, and assist the Afghan National Security Forces, and noting here that such a mission will also need to be provided with the necessary authorities, status arrangements, and legal basis;
    Reaffirming the continued support of the Parties for regional diplomatic and military cooperation and coordination mechanisms, with a goal of increasing security and stability by reducing tensions, uncertainty, and misunderstanding;
    Recalling the 2013 Loya Jirga’s recognition that this Security and Defense Cooperation Agreement between the United States and Afghanistan is important for the security of Afghanistan;
    Desiring to develop further the means of defense and security cooperation between the Parties, based on the principles of full respect for the independence, sovereignty, and integrity of their territories, and non-interference in the domestic affairs of each other, in order to promote security and stability in the region, and continue the fight against terrorism;
    Agreeing on the importance of Afghanistan having cooperative and friendly relations with its neighbors, emphasizing that such relations should be conducted on the basis of mutual respect, non-interference, and equality, and calling on all nations to respect Afghanistan’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, and to refrain from interfering in Afghanistan’s internal affairs and democratic processes; and
    Affirming also that the Parties’ cooperation is based on full respect for the sovereignty of each Party, the purposes of the United Nations Charter, and a shared desire to provide a framework for defense and security cooperation between the Parties; and reaffirming their strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, and national unity of Afghanistan, as well as respect for Afghan customs and traditions;
    Have agreed as follows: FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    3 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    ARTICLE 1
    Purpose and Scope
    1. The Parties shall continue to foster close cooperation to strengthen security and stability in Afghanistan, counter terrorism, contribute to regional and international peace and stability, and enhance the ability of Afghanistan to deter internal and external threats against its sovereignty, security, territorial integrity, and national unity.
    2. The United States shall undertake the following types of activities in close cooperation and coordination with Afghanistan [US: as may be mutually agreed]:
    a. Advising, training, equipping, supporting, and sustaining ANSF, including in field engineering, countering improvised explosive devices and explosive ordnance disposal;
    b. Establishing and upgrading ANSF transportation and logistics systems;
    c. Improving ANSF capabilities for protected mobility systems with integrated fire power;
    d. Improving ANSF capabilities for fire support, including artillery;
    e. Developing intelligence sharing capabilities;
    f. Strengthening Afghanistan’s Air Force capabilities;
    g. Conducting combined military exercises; and
    h. Other activities as may be agreed.
    3. In addition, the Parties acknowledge that continued U.S. military operations to defeat al-Qaeda and its affiliates may be appropriate and agree to continue their close cooperation and coordination toward that end. The Parties also acknowledge the importance of cooperation and coordination regarding other transnational threats that may emerge, as may be appropriate.
    4. In furtherance of the activities and operations referred to in paragraphs 1 through 3 of this Article, and for other purposes and missions as may be mutually agreed, and consistent with the authorizations as detailed in this Agreement [US: United States forces may undertake transit, support, and related activities, including as may be necessary to support themselves while they are present in Afghanistan under the terms of this Agreement, and such other activities as detailed in this Agreement, or as may be mutually agreed.]
    5. The Parties recognize that ANSF are responsible for military operations against internal national security threats to Afghanistan, including logistics, transportation, communication, and other support. The Parties shall seek to enhance ANSF’s ability to deter such threats, including, mutually determined efforts towards sharing intelligence, assessing threats, and supporting the planning of ANSF operations in response to urgent threats, and other FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    cooperation and activities as may be mutually agreed. Upon request, the United States shall stand ready to urgently determine support it can [US: appropriately] provide to the ANSF in order to help deter threats to Afghanistan’s internal security.
    6. This Agreement, including any Annexes and any implementing agreements or arrangements, [US: provides] [AFG: may provide] the necessary authorizations as detailed in this Agreement for the presence and activities of United States forces in Afghanistan and defines the terms and conditions that describe that presence, and in the specific situations indicated herein, the presence and activities of United States contractors and United States contractor employees in Afghanistan.
    ARTICLE 2
    Definitions
    1. “United States forces” means the entity comprising the members of the force and of the civilian component, and all property, equipment, and materiel of the United States Armed Forces present in the territory of Afghanistan.
    2. “Member of the force” means any person belonging to the land, sea, or air services of the United States Armed Forces.
    3. “Member of the civilian component” means any person employed by the United States Department of Defense (DoD) who is not a member of the force. However, “member of the civilian component” does not mean persons who are permanently resident in Afghanistan or Afghan nationals who normally reside in Afghanistan.
    4. “Executive Agent” means DoD for the United States and the Ministry of Defense (MOD) for Afghanistan. The Executive Agent serves as the principal contact for its respective Party for the implementation of this Agreement.
    5. “United States contractors” means persons and legal entities who are supplying goods and services in Afghanistan to or on behalf of United States forces under a [AFG: prime] contract [US: or subcontract] with or in support of United States forces. [AFG: Subcontractors are not included under the definition of United States contractors.]
    6. “United States contractor employees” means the employees of United States contractors.
    7. “Agreed facilities and areas” means the facilities and areas in the territory of Afghanistan provided by Afghanistan and listed in Annex A, and such other facilities and areas in the territory of Afghanistan as may be provided by Afghanistan in the future, to which United FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    States forces, United States contractors, United States contractor employees, and others as mutually agreed, shall have the right to access and use pursuant to this Agreement.
    8. “Afghan National Security Forces” or “ANSF” means the entity comprising the members of the security forces under the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Defense of Afghanistan and, as appropriate, the National Directorate of Security, and other entities as mutually agreed.
    9. “Taxes” means all taxes, duties (including customs duties), [US: fees,] and similar or related charges of whatever kind, imposed by the Government of Afghanistan which, for the purposes of this Agreement, means by governmental authorities of Afghanistan at any level, including provincial and district levels, and by the agencies of such governmental authorities.
    ARTICLE 3
    Laws
    1. It is the duty of members of the force and of the civilian component to respect the Constitution and laws of Afghanistan and to abstain from any activity inconsistent with the spirit of this Agreement and, in particular, from any political activity in the territory of Afghanistan. It is the duty of United States forces authorities to take necessary measures to that end.
    2. The Parties’ respective obligations under this Agreement, and any subsequent arrangements, are without prejudice to Afghan sovereignty over its territory, and each Party’s right of self-defense, consistent with international law. Cooperation and activities relating to implementation of this Agreement shall be consistent with the Parties’ respective commitments and obligations under international law.

  • ARTICLE 4
    Defense and Security Cooperation Activities
    1. Through their defense and security cooperation activities, including activities of United States forces, the Parties intend to continuously improve Afghanistan’s security and defense capabilities and capacities.

    2. In this regard, and informed by Article 1 of this Agreement, the Parties agree that their efforts to strengthen Afghanistan’s defense and security capabilities, as may be mutually agreed, should be concentrated in the areas of:
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    a. helping to organize, train, equip, field and sustain ANSF, including training in obligations for conduct under international conventions and respect for human rights; and
    b. training of specialists, officers, and command staff.
    3. Without prejudice to any efforts that may be bilaterally agreed between them, the Parties shall coordinate with any North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) post-ISAF mission to train, advise and assist ANSF. Including as provided in Articles 5 and 6, the Parties shall remain in close and regular consultation regarding mutual assessments of ANSF needs and evaluation of the results of ANSF training, advising, and assisting.

    ARTICLE 5
    Developing and Sustaining Afghanistan’s Defense and Security Capabilities
    1. With full respect for Afghanistan’s sovereignty, the Parties recognize Afghanistan’s current requirement for continued international security assistance, and share the goal of Afghanistan taking increasing, and, ultimately, full, responsibility for funding its defense and security needs and sustaining the ANSF.
    2. Afghanistan shall make, consistent with its political and economic stability and its general economic condition, the full contribution permitted by its manpower, resources, and facilities to the development and sustainment of its own defense and security forces. Afghanistan shall take all necessary measures to develop and sustain its defense and security capacities.
    3. So long as the Strategic Partnership Agreement so provides, the United States shall have an obligation to seek funds on a yearly basis to support the training, equipping, advising and sustaining of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), so that Afghanistan can independently secure and defend itself against internal and external threats, and help ensure that terrorists never again encroach on Afghan soil and threaten Afghanistan, the region, and the world. [AFG: The funding shall be adequate to accomplish the goals and objectives of this Agreement.] Taking into account Afghanistan’s priorities, the United States shall direct [AFG: the] available [US: and appropriate] funds through Afghan Government budgetary mechanisms, to be managed by relevant Afghan institutions implementing financial management standards of transparency and accountability, and procurement, audit, and regulatory oversight in accordance with international best practices.
    4. The Parties recognize the importance of ANSF having the necessary equipment to contribute to the security of Afghanistan and the region. To that end, the United States shall FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    seek to continue providing equipment for ANSF [US:, as mutually determined] in close consultation with Afghanistan.
    5. The United States shall cooperate and coordinate with Afghanistan and other countries to strengthen the ANSF, as may be mutually agreed, including on equipping ANSF.
    6. In order to contribute effectively to the security of Afghanistan and the region, the United States agrees to cooperate with Afghanistan to continue the development of ANSF capabilities consistent with Afghanistan’s status as a Major Non-NATO Ally.
    7. The Parties recognize the benefits for Afghanistan’s defense and security to be derived from developing defense capabilities and systems that are consistent with North Atlantic Treaty Organization ("NATO") standards and that promote interoperability with NATO. The Parties shall coordinate in the development of Afghanistan’s defense and security forces, equipment, materiel, facilities, operational doctrine, and institutions to achieve standardization and interoperability with NATO, in order to promote further the effective utilization and maintenance of defense and security assistance provided to Afghanistan, and to maximize the benefits of cooperation between ANSF and United States forces.
    ARTICLE 6
    Defense and Security Cooperation Mechanisms
    1. The Parties agree to direct the U.S.-Afghanistan Working Group on Defense and

    Security Cooperation, established under the Strategic Partnership Agreement, to:
    a. Develop appropriate measures of effectiveness for the analysis and strengthening of Afghanistan’s use of available defense and security resources, consistent with the purpose and scope of this Agreement;
    b. Complete semi-annual assessments of actual performance against these measures to inform the Parties’ respective resource allocation decisions and their cooperation in developing and sustaining Afghanistan’s defense capabilities;
    c. Develop a process consistent with the purpose and scope of this Agreement, for making timely, accurate, and effective cooperative assessments of internal and external threats to Afghanistan; and
    d. Make specific recommendations on enhancing information and intelligence sharing and evaluation. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    2. The Parties share the objective of continuing to improve their ability to consult on such threats, including considering how to establish secure or dedicated channels of communication.
    ARTICLE 7
    External Aggression
    1. The United States shall regard with grave concern any external aggression or threat of external aggression against the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of Afghanistan, recognizing that such aggression may threaten the Parties’ shared interests in Afghanistan’s stability and regional and international peace and stability.
    2. On a regular basis, the Parties shall consult on potential political, diplomatic, military and economic measures that could form part of an appropriate response in the event of such external aggression or the threat of external aggression against Afghanistan. Consultations shall seek to develop a list of political, diplomatic, military, and economic measures.
    3. In the event of external aggression or the threat of external aggression against Afghanistan, the Parties shall hold consultations on an urgent basis to develop and implement an appropriate response, including, as may be mutually determined, consideration of available political, diplomatic, military, and economic measures on the list developed pursuant to paragraph 2, in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.
    4. The Parties shall develop comprehensive procedures to promote the effective accomplishment of such regular and urgent consultations.
    a. Such comprehensive procedures shall recognize consultations involving the participation of, the United States Secretary of State and Afghanistan Foreign Minister, the United States Secretary of Defense and Afghanistan Defense Minister, and respective Ambassadors in Kabul and Washington, DC as primary channels to initiate urgent consultations in the event of external aggression, or threat of external aggression
    b. Such comprehensive procedures shall not, however, limit or prejudice the Parties’ ability to consult in other channels or through other mechanisms, as urgency or exigency may require.
    5. The Parties agree to direct the US-Afghanistan Working Group on Defense and Security Cooperation to promote the effective implementation of this Article, including development of such comprehensive procedures and review on a regular basis the list of measures developed pursuant to paragraph 2. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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  • ARTICLE 8
    DETENTION
    [US: The Parties reaffirm their commitments to placing Afghan detainees under the sovereignty and control of Afghanistan.]
    [AFG: No detention or arrest shall be carried out by the United States forces. The United States forces shall not search any homes or other real estate properties.]
    ARTICLE 9
    Use of Agreed Facilities and Areas
    1. Afghanistan hereby provides access to and use of the agreed facilities and areas, as defined in paragraph 7 of Article 2, solely to implement the purpose and scope of this Agreement. Access to and use of such agreed areas and facilities for other purposes shall be as mutually agreed by the Parties.
    2. Afghanistan hereby authorizes United States forces to exercise all rights and authorities within the agreed facilities and areas that are necessary for their use, operation, defense, or control, including the right to undertake new construction works. United States forces may carry out such construction works with members of the force and the civilian component or by contract.
    3. Afghanistan hereby authorizes United States forces to control entry to agreed facilities and areas that have been provided for United States forces’ exclusive use, and to coordinate entry with Afghan authorities at joint-use agreed facilities and areas, for the purposes of safety and security. Upon request, the United States shall, in a timely manner, provide to competent authorities of Afghanistan access to any agreed facility or area that has been provided for United States forces exclusive use. The Parties shall establish mutually agreed procedures regarding Afghan authorities’ timely access to any agreed facility or area that has been provided for United States forces exclusive use. Such procedures and access shall be established with due respect for United States forces operations and security requirements. United States forces are hereby authorized to conduct activities in the vicinity of each such agreed facility and area as United States forces determine are necessary to ensure the safety of United States forces and to secure such agreed facilities and areas. Such activities shall be conducted in coordination between the United States forces and ANSF local commanders. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    4. Afghanistan shall provide [US:, without charge,] to United States forces, all agreed facilities and areas, including facilities and areas jointly used by United States forces and ANSF.
    5. United States forces shall be responsible for the construction, development, operations, and maintenance costs for agreed facilities and areas provided for their exclusive use, unless otherwise agreed by the Parties. Construction, development, operations, and maintenance costs for agreed facilities and areas provided for joint use, or otherwise used jointly by United States forces and ANSF or other entities, shall be shared on the basis of proportionate use, unless otherwise agreed.
    6. The United States confirms its commitment to respect relevant Afghan environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and standards in the execution of its policies. United States forces operations and activities on agreed facilities and areas shall be conducted with due regard for the protection of the natural environment and human health and safety, with due respect for applicable Afghan laws and regulations, and in accordance with applicable United States laws and regulations, and applicable international agreements.
    7. United States forces operations and activities on agreed facilities and areas shall be conducted with full respect for Afghan laws and regulations for the protection of sites or artifacts of historic and cultural heritage. United States forces shall notify and consult immediately with appropriate Afghan authorities through the Joint Commission when sites or artifacts of historic and cultural heritage are discovered on an agreed facility or area.
    ARTICLE 10
    Property Ownership
    1. United States forces shall return to Afghanistan any agreed facility or area, or any portion thereof, including buildings, non-relocatable structures, and assemblies connected to the soil, including those constructed, altered, or improved by United States forces, when no longer needed for United States forces’ use. United States forces shall keep the requirement for such agreed facilities and areas under periodic reassessment with a view toward such return. The Parties or their Executive Agents shall consult regarding the terms of return of any agreed facility or area. The Parties agree to pursue a preventative rather than reactive approach to environmental protection and human health and safety. The Parties recognize that the policies and practices of the United States are designed to avoid such damage and endangerment and to apply the more protective of either Afghan or United States standards. In accordance with United States forces policy, United States forces shall take prompt action to address a substantial impact to human health and safety due to environmental FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    contamination that is caused by activities of United States forces and is located on an agreed facility or area.
    2. All buildings, non-relocatable structures, and assemblies connected to the soil at the agreed facilities and areas, including those constructed, used, altered, or improved by United States forces, are for the exclusive use of United States forces, United States contractors, and United States contractor employees, and for others as mutually agreed. All such buildings, non-relocatable structures, and assemblies connected to the soil built by United States forces or provided to United States forces for their access and use may be modified by United States forces, and United States forces may use them exclusively until they are no longer required by United States forces.
    3. United States forces and United States contractors shall retain title to all equipment, materiel, supplies, relocatable structures, and other movable property they have installed in, imported into, or acquired within the territory of Afghanistan in connection with the presence of United States forces and United States contractors in Afghanistan. The Parties shall consult regarding the possible transfer to or purchase by Afghanistan of equipment determined to be excess, as may be authorized by United States laws and regulations.
    ARTICLE 11
    Positioning and Storage of Equipment and Materiel
    1. Afghanistan authorizes United States forces to position the equipment, supplies, and materiel of United States forces within agreed facilities and areas, and at other locations as mutually agreed. United States forces shall maintain title to and control over the use and disposition of such equipment, supplies, and materiel that are stored in the territory of Afghanistan and shall have the right to remove such items from the territory of Afghanistan.
    2. The United States confirms its commitment to respect relevant Afghan safety laws, regulations and standards. United States forces shall take all necessary measures to protect and safely store equipment, supplies, and materiel of United States forces that are of a hazardous nature in accordance with applicable U.S. laws and regulations. In accordance with United States forces policy, United States forces shall take prompt action (1) to clean up spills located on an agreed facility or area; and, (2) to address a substantial impact to human health and safety due to environmental contamination that is caused by activities of United States forces and is located on [AFG: or outside] an agreed facility or area. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    ARTICLE 12
    Movement of Vehicles, Vessels, and Aircraft
    1. Afghanistan has full sovereignty over its airspace, territory and waters. Management of Afghanistan’s airspace and transportation shall be exercised through relevant Afghan authorities.
    2. With full respect for Afghan sovereignty [US: and consistent with] [AFG: and solely for the implementation of] the purpose and scope of this Agreement, Afghanistan authorizes United States government aircraft and civil aircraft that are operated by or exclusively for United States forces to enter, exit, and overfly, land, take off, conduct aerial refueling, and move within the territory of Afghanistan. United States Government aircraft and civil aircraft that are operated by or exclusively for United States forces shall not be subject to payment of overflight or navigation fees, or landing or parking fees at government-owned airfields, or other charges. United States government aircraft shall be operated with full respect for the relevant rules of safety and movement in Afghanistan, including notification requirements. Civil aircraft being operated by or exclusively for United States forces are subject to notification requirements regarding their entry into and exit from the territory of Afghanistan as required by the civil aviation authorities of Afghanistan.
    3. With full respect for Afghan sovereignty [US: and consistent with] [AFG: and solely for the implementation of] the purpose and scope of this Agreement, Afghanistan authorizes United States government vessels and vehicles and other vessels and vehicles that are operated by or exclusively for United States forces, to enter, exit, and move within the territory of Afghanistan. All such vessels and vehicles shall be operated with full respect for the relevant rules of safety and movement in Afghanistan. Members of the force and of the civilian component have a duty to respect Afghan motor vehicle regulations when operating official vehicles.
    4. United States Government aircraft, vessels and vehicles shall be free from boarding without the consent of United States forces authorities. United States Government aircraft, vessels, and vehicles shall be free from inspection, regulation, or registration requirements within Afghanistan, except as otherwise provided in this Agreement or as otherwise agreed by the Joint Commission.
    5. United States forces shall pay reasonable charges for services requested and received for United States Government aircraft, vehicles, and vessels, free of taxes, fees, or similar charges. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    6. The Parties agree to establish procedures to implement this Article. The Parties shall review and update, as appropriate, such procedures, and shall address any issues immediately through the Joint Commission that may arise regarding such procedures.

  • ARTICLE 13
    Contracting Procedures
    1. United States forces, in accordance with United States laws, may enter into contracts for the acquisition of articles and services, including construction, in the territory of Afghanistan. Afghanistan recognizes that United States forces are bound by the laws and regulations of the United States in the solicitation, award, and administration of such contracts. United States contractors shall be exempt from all Afghan [US: license and fee] requirements in relation to their entry into or execution of contracts [US: and subcontracts ] with or on behalf of United States forces. United States forces shall strive to utilize Afghan suppliers of goods, products and services to the greatest extent practicable, in accordance with United States laws and regulations.
    2. United States contractors are subject to registration in Afghanistan, as required by the laws and regulations of Afghanistan. Such registration shall be through an expedited process [US: at no cost and without fees] and, as required under laws and regulations of Afghanistan, shall include a process whereby United States contractors are required to confirm their tax exemption status for their activities with or in support of United States forces. United States contractors are subject to Afghanistan requirements regarding employer withholding of personal income tax from United States contractor employees who normally reside in Afghanistan (including Afghan citizens) for payment to Afghanistan, as required by the laws and regulations of Afghanistan.
    3. Recognizing the importance of transparency, including through the sharing of information and consultations as may be mutually agreed, United States forces shall give due consideration to concerns expressed in specific contracting cases by Afghan authorities.
    4. Upon the request of either Party, the Parties shall consult immediately through the Joint Commission concerning any issues, including issues concerning the activities of United States contractors and United States contractor employees that may arise regarding implementation of this Article.
    ARTICLE 14
    Utilities and Communications FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    1. United States forces may produce and provide services including but not limited to water, electricity, and other utilities for agreed facilities and areas and for other locations as mutually agreed. The production and provision of such services shall be notified to and coordinated with the Joint Commission on a periodic basis. United States forces and United States contractors may use Afghan public water, electricity, and other Afghan public utilities on terms and conditions, including rates or charges, no less favorable than those paid by ANSF, less fees and taxes, unless otherwise mutually agreed. United States forces’ or United States contractors’ costs shall be equal to their proportionate use of such public utilities.
    2. Afghanistan recognizes that the United States forces shall use the radio spectrum. The Afghan side shall allocate Afghan owned frequencies based on relevant Afghan regulations. The United States shall be allowed to operate its own telecommunications systems (as telecommunication is defined in the 1992 Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union), including the use of such means and services as required to ensure full ability to operate telecommunications systems, and the use of radio spectrum allocated by appropriate Afghan authorities for this purpose. Use of radio spectrum shall be free of cost to the United States.
    3. United States forces, in recognition of Afghan ownership and allocation of frequencies within Afghanistan and in the interest of avoiding mutually disruptive interference, shall coordinate with appropriate Afghan authorities for the allocation of frequencies for United States forces present in Afghanistan. United States forces shall respect frequencies in use by or reserved for local operators.
    4. Use of telecommunications by United States forces shall be done in a manner that avoids interference with use of radio spectrum or other telecommunication equipment operated by the Afghan government and other organizations the Afghan government has granted permission to use radio spectrum and/or telecommunications equipment.
    ARTICLE 15
    Status of Personnel
    [US.: 1. Afghanistan recognizes the particular importance of disciplinary control by United States forces authorities over members of the force and of the civilian component. Therefore, Afghanistan exercises its sovereign authority to waive jurisdiction over members of the force and of the civilian component, and agrees that the United States shall have the exclusive right to exercise jurisdiction over such persons in respect of any criminal or civil offenses that may be committed in the territory of Afghanistan, and authorizes the United FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    States to hold the trials in such cases, or take other disciplinary action, as appropriate, in the territory of Afghanistan.
    2. Members of the force and of the civilian component are exempt from personal arrest or detention. Members of the force and of the civilian component arrested or detained by Afghan authorities shall be immediately handed over to United States forces authorities.]
    [AFG: 1. Subject to the provisions of this Article,
    a. The military authorities of the United States Forces shall have the right to exercise within Afghanistan all criminal and disciplinary jurisdiction conferred on them by the law of the United States Forces over all persons subject to the military law of the United States;
    b .The authorities of Afghanistan shall have jurisdiction over the members of United States Forces or civilian component with respect to offences committed within the territory of Afghanistan and punishable by the law of Afghanistan.
    2. a. The military authorities of the United States Forces shall have the right to exercise exclusive jurisdiction over persons subject to the military law of the United States with respect to offences, including offences relating to its security, punishable by the law of the United States, but not by the law of Afghanistan.
    b. The authorities of Afghanistan shall have the right to exercise exclusive jurisdiction over members of a force or civilian component and their dependents with respect to offences, including offences relating to the security of Afghanistan, punishable by its law but not by the law of the United States.
    c. For the purposes of this paragraph and of paragraph 3 of this Article a security offence against a State shall include:
    i. Treason against the State;
    ii. Sabotage, espionage or violation of any law relating to official secrets of that State, or secrets relating to the national defense of that State
    3. In case where the right to exercise jurisdiction is concurrent the following rules shall apply:
    a. The military authorities of the United States Forces shall have the primary right to exercise jurisdiction over a member of the force or of the civilian component in relation to
    i. Offences solely against the property or security of the United States, or offences solely against the person or property of another member of the force or civilian component of the United States; FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    ii. Offenses arising out of any act or omission done in the performance of official duty.
    b. In the case of any other offence, the authorities of Afghanistan shall have the primary right to exercise jurisdiction.]
    3. Afghanistan and the United States agree that members of the force and of the civilian component may not be surrendered to, or otherwise transferred to, the custody of an international tribunal or any other entity or state without the express consent of the United States.
    ARTICLE 16
    Bearing of Arms and Wearing of Uniforms
    1. When present in Afghanistan under this Agreement, members of the force and of the civilian component may possess and carry arms in Afghanistan as required for the performance of their duties and as authorized by their orders. The Joint Commission may determine in a separate implementing arrangement, the places where this right is not applicable, taking into account public safety and respect for mosques or other sites of religious significance. Members of the force may wear uniforms while in Afghanistan. United States forces authorities shall take appropriate measures to ensure that members of the force and of the civilian component are mindful of their presence in public areas, including in the carrying of weapons.
    2. The Parties agree that United States contractors and United States contractor employees are not permitted to wear military uniforms and may only carry weapons in accordance with Afghan laws and regulations.
    3. United States contractors performing security services in Afghanistan are subject to all relevant requirements of Afghan laws and regulations.
    4. Upon the request of either Party, the Parties shall consult immediately through the Joint Commission concerning any issues that may arise regarding implementation of this Article.
    ARTICLE 17
    Entry and Exit
    1. Members of the force and members of the civilian component may enter and exit Afghanistan at agreed facilities and areas listed in Annex A, at official points of embarkation and debarkation as listed in Annex B, and at other areas as mutually agreed FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    with identification cards issued by the United States, and either collective or individual movement orders. Passports and visas shall not be required. Such personnel shall be exempt from Afghan law and regulations on registration and control of foreign citizens.
    2. United States contractors and United States contractor employees may enter and exit Afghanistan at the places of entry and exit described in Paragraph 1 of this Article. Passports and visas shall be required in accordance with Afghan law. If a visa is required, and requested by a United States contractor or a United States contractor employee, it shall provide for multiple entries and exits and shall be valid for a period of not less than one year. The appropriate Afghan authorities shall issue or decline to issue required visas expeditiously. In the event Afghanistan declines to issue such visa, the appropriate Afghan authorities shall immediately notify the person concerned and United States forces authorities. For exceptional situations as may be agreed through the Joint Commission, Afghanistan shall seek to put in place and make available to United States contractor employees a process for the issuance of visas upon their arrival in Afghanistan.
    3. The United States recognizes the sovereign right of Afghanistan to request the removal of any member of the force or member of the civilian component from Afghanistan. United States forces authorities shall take appropriate measures to expeditiously remove such persons from Afghanistan upon request by proper Afghan authorities.
    4. The Parties agree to establish procedures to implement this Article. The Joint Commission shall periodically review and update procedures for appropriate Afghan authorities to process members of the force and of the civilian component who arrive at or depart from the places of entry and exit described in Paragraph 1 of this Article, including coordination and inspection of documentation. Afghan authorities may develop lists as necessary of members of the force and of the civilian component entering and exiting Afghan territory at the agreed facilities and areas, as necessary.

  • ARTICLE 18
    Importation and Exportation
    1. United States forces and United States contractors may import into, export out of, re-export out of, transport, and use in Afghanistan any equipment, supplies, materiel, technology, training, or services. The authorizations in this paragraph do not cover the activities of United States contractors that are not related to the presence of United States forces in Afghanistan. Identifying documents shall be provided to indicate that such equipment, supplies, materiel, technology, training, or services being imported by United States contractors are for United States forces’ purposes and not for any private commercial purposes. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
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    2. Members of the force and of the civilian component and United States contractors and those United States contractor employees who do not normally reside in Afghanistan may import into, export out of, re-export out of, transport, and use in Afghanistan personal effects . The imported quantities shall be reasonable and proportionate to personal use. The property referred to in this Paragraph, may not be sold or otherwise transferred in Afghanistan to persons who are not entitled to import such items duty free unless such transfer is in accordance with agreed procedures, including on payment of any taxes or fees due as a result of such transaction, established by the Joint Commission.
    3. United States Forces authorities, working with relevant Afghan authorities, shall take appropriate measures to ensure that no items or material of cultural or historic significance to Afghanistan are being exported and that, as provided in United States Central Command General Order number 1, no alcohol, pornography, illegal narcotics, or privately owned firearms, or other contraband or items as may be mutually agreed, are being imported using the authorizations provided in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.
    4. A. The importation, exportation, re-exportation, transportation, and use of any articles brought into Afghanistan pursuant to paragraph 1 and 2 of this Article shall not be subject to restrictions, such as licensing, inspection or verification, except as provided in paragraph 4B of this Article, taxes and customs duties or other charges assessed by government authorities in Afghanistan within the territory of Afghanistan.
    4. B. The relevant Afghan authorities reserve the right of verification of any container imported by United States contractors and United States contractor employees for United States forces’ purposes in Afghanistan or as personal effects, as authorized in paragraph 1 and 2 of this Article. Without causing undue delay, and upon presentation by the relevant Afghan authorities of information to United States forces authorities that a United States contractor is abusing the authority granted in paragraph 1 or 2 of this Article, United States forces authorities shall open and verify suspected shipments or containers intended for import in the presence of the Afghan authorities. Afghan authorities shall honor the security requirements of United States forces and upon request by United States forces authorities permit such verifications to take place within agreed facilities and areas or other areas as mutually agreed.
    5. United States forces authorities shall take measures within their authority to prevent abuse of the authorizations in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, and shall conduct inquiries and assist the relevant Afghanistan authorities in the conduct of inquiries and the collection of evidence relating to the suspected improper importation, exportation, re-exportation, transfer, or disposition of goods by members of the force, members of the civilian component, United States contractors, and United States contractor employees. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    19 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    6. Items imported into Afghanistan or purchased in Afghanistan pursuant to this Article may be disposed of in Afghanistan with due respect for Afghan laws and regulations.
    7. Upon the request of either Party, the Parties shall review and consult immediately through the Joint Commission concerning any issues that may arise regarding implementation of this Article.
    ARTICLE 19
    Taxation
    1. The acquisition in Afghanistan of articles and services by or on behalf of United States forces shall not be subject to any taxes or similar charges assessed within the territory of Afghanistan.
    2. United States forces, including members of the force and of the civilian component, shall not be liable to pay any tax or similar or related charges assessed by the Government of Afghanistan within the territory of Afghanistan.
    3. United States contractors shall not be liable to pay any tax or similar or related charges assessed by the Government of Afghanistan within the territory of Afghanistan on their activities, and associated income, relating to or on behalf of United States forces under a contract with or in support of United States forces. However, United States contractors that are Afghan legal entities shall not be exempt from corporate profits tax that may be assessed by the Government of Afghanistan within the territory of Afghanistan on income received due to their status as United States contractors.
    4. United States contractor employees who do not normally reside in Afghanistan shall not be liable to pay any tax, or similar or related charges assessed by the Government of Afghanistan within the territory of Afghanistan on their activities, and associated income, relating to a contract [US: or subcontract] with or in support of United States forces.
    5. United States contractors and United States contractor employees are not exempt under this Agreement from paying taxes assessed by the Government of Afghanistan within the territory of Afghanistan on their activities in Afghanistan that are not associated with supplying goods and services in Afghanistan to or on behalf of United States forces under a contract [US: or subcontract] with or in support of United States forces.
    ARTICLE 20
    Driving and Professional Licenses FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    20 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    1. Afghanistan agrees to accept as valid, without a driving test or fee, driving licenses or permits issued by United States authorities to members of the force or of the civilian component, United States contractors, and United States contractor employees for operation of vehicles, vessels, or aircraft by or for United States forces within the territory of Afghanistan.
    2. Afghanistan agrees to accept as valid all professional licenses issued by United States authorities to members of the force or of the civilian component and United States contractors or United States contractor employees in relation to the provision of services as part of their official or contractual duties.
    3. United States forces authorities shall endeavor to ensure that members of the force or of the civilian component, United States contractors, and United States contractor employees have current, valid driving licenses and permits for operation of vehicles, vessels, or aircraft by or for United States forces within the territory of Afghanistan. The Joint Commission shall establish mechanisms to exchange information on United States licenses and permits. In response to requests from Afghan authorities, the United States shall seek to verify the validity of such licenses.
    ARTICLE 21
    Motor Vehicles
    Afghanistan agrees to accept as valid the registration and licensing by United States forces authorities of the official vehicles of United States forces. Upon the request of United States forces authorities, Afghan authorities shall issue, without charge, license plates for United States forces’ official, non-tactical vehicles. United States forces official, non-tactical vehicles shall display official Afghan license plates that are indistinguishable from other Afghan license plates, upon their provision by Afghanistan.
    ARTICLE 22
    Service Support Activities
    1. United States forces may directly or through contract establish and operate at agreed facilities and areas service support activities, including military post offices, banking services, military service exchanges, commissaries, recreational service areas, and telecommunications services, including broadcast services. It is not the United States’ intention for broadcasting, media, and entertainment services to reach beyond the scope of the agreed facilities and areas. Taking into consideration Afghan laws, traditions, and FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    21 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    customs, United States forces may continue to make available television and radio broadcast services such as media and entertainment programming for the purposes of morale, welfare, and recreation of United States forces and other authorized recipients located on agreed facilities and areas.
    2. United States forces shall take appropriate measures to limit broadcasting, television programs, media, and entertainment services to authorized recipients and to agreed facilities and areas.
    3. Access to service support activities shall be in accordance with United States regulations. United States forces authorities shall adopt appropriate measures to prevent the abuse of such service support activities and the sale or resale of goods or services to persons who are not authorized to patronize such service support activities or providers.
    4. No license, permit, or inspection shall be required by Afghanistan for activities connected with such service support activities.
    5. The activities, and any organizations undertaking the activities referred to in this Article, are integral parts of United States forces and shall be accorded the same fiscal and customs exemptions granted to the force, including those provided in Articles 18 and 19 of this Agreement. Such organizations and activities shall be maintained and operated in accordance with applicable United States regulations. Such activities shall not be required to collect or pay taxes or to pay other fees related to their operations. Access to these service support activities shall be restricted to members of the force, members of the civilian component, United States contractors and United States contractor employees and others as may be authorized.
    6. Mail shipped within the United States Military Postal Service transportation system shall be exempt from inspection, search, or seizure by Afghan authorities.
    7. The Joint Commission shall periodically review the service support activities and resolve by mutual agreement questions arising in the course of implementation of this Article.
    ARTICLE 23
    Currency and Exchange
    The Parties agree to establish procedures to implement this Article. The Parties shall review and update, as appropriate, such procedures regarding currency and exchange, and shall address any issues immediately through the Joint Commission that may arise regarding such procedures. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    22 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    ARTICLE 24
    Claims
    1. Each Party waives any and all claims (other than contractual claims) against the other for damage to, loss of, or destruction of its property or injury or death to members of United States forces or ANSF, and their respective civilian components, arising out of the performance of their official duties in Afghanistan.
    2. For claims not excluded under paragraph 1 of this Article, United States forces authorities shall pay just and reasonable compensation in settlement of meritorious third party claims arising out of acts or omissions of members of the force and of the civilian component done in the performance of their official duties and incident to the non-combat activities of United States forces. United States forces authorities may also settle meritorious third party claims not arising from the performance of official duties. Such claims shall be expeditiously processed and settled by United States forces authorities in accordance with the laws and regulations of the United States and seriously considering the customs and traditions of Afghanistan.
    3. In settling third party claims, United States forces authorities shall take into account any report of investigation or opinion provided to them by Afghanistan authorities regarding liability or amount of damages.
    4. Upon the request of either Party, the Parties shall consult immediately through the Joint Commission concerning any issues that may arise regarding implementation of this Article. .
    ARTICLE 25
    Annexes
    Any Annex appended to this Agreement shall form an integral part of this Agreement, and may be amended by written agreement of the Parties.
    ARTICLE 26
    Disputes and Implementation
    1. Any divergence in views or dispute regarding the interpretation or application of this Agreement shall be resolved at the lowest competent level through consultation between the Parties and shall not be referred to any national or international court, tribunal or other similar body, or any third party for settlement. FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    23 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    2. The Parties, or their Executive Agents including through the Joint Commission, may enter into Implementing Arrangements and procedures to carry out the provisions of this Agreement.
    3. Cooperation under this Agreement is subject to the relevant laws and regulations of the respective Parties, including applicable appropriations laws.
    4. United States forces authorities shall pay reasonable, fair market charges, minus any taxes, for goods or services they request and receive.
    ARTICLE 27
    Joint Commission
    1. The Parties hereby establish a Joint Commission to oversee implementation of this Agreement. The Joint Commission shall be co-chaired by representatives of the Executive Agents. The Joint Commission may include other governmental representatives requested by the Executive Agents and appointed by the Parties.

    2. The Joint Commission shall determine its own procedures and arrange for such auxiliary organs, including the establishment of Working Groups, and administrative services, as may be considered appropriate. Each Executive Agent shall bear the costs of its participation in the Joint Commission.

    3. The Joint Commission shall coordinate and exchange information, as appropriate, with the Working Group on Defense and Security Cooperation established under the Strategic Partnership Agreement.

    ARTICLE 28
    Entry into Force, Amendment, and Termination
    1. This Agreement shall enter into force on January 1, 2015, after the Parties notify one another through diplomatic channels of the completion of their respective internal legal requirements necessary for the entry into force of this Agreement. It shall remain in force until the end of 2024 and beyond, unless terminated pursuant to paragraph 4 of this Article.
    2. This Agreement, upon its entry into force, shall supersede the exchange of notes dated September 26, 2002 and December 12, 2002, and May 28, 2003, regarding the status of FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    24 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    United States forces in Afghanistan. This Agreement shall also supersede any prior agreements and understandings which the Parties mutually determine, through a subsequent exchange of diplomatic notes, to be contrary to the provisions of this Agreement.
    3. This Agreement may be amended by written agreement of the Parties through the exchange of diplomatic notes.
    4. This Agreement may be terminated by mutual written agreement or by either Party upon two years’ written notice to the other Party through diplomatic channels. Termination of any Annex to or Implementing Arrangement under this Agreement does not result in termination of this Agreement. Termination of this Agreement in accordance with this paragraph shall, without further action, result in termination of all Annexes and Implementing Arrangements.
    IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.
    DONE at Kabul, this …. day of October 2013 in duplicate, in the English, Pashto, and Dari languages, each text being equally authentic.
    FOR THE
    UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:
    FOR THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN: FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013
    25 FOR OFFICIAL AFGHAN AND U.S. GOVERNMENT USE ONLY PRE-DECISIONAL DOCUMENT AS OF 7/25/2013

    ANNEX A
    List of Agreed Facilities and Areas
    [To Be Discussed in Negotiations]
    ANNEX B
    Official Points of Embarkation and Debarkation
    [To Be Discussed in Negotiations

  • اخيرا خبر شديم امريكايي ها براي فريب و عقد قرارداد ميخواهند دو نسخه قرارداد يكي اصل نسخه كه امريكاييست و ديگري نسخه اصلاح شده قرارداد، بوسيله افغانهاي بر سر قدرت ميباشد كه هردو در زبان هاي محلي ترجمه و در دسترس نماينده هاي لويه جرگه قرار داده ميشود از نماينده ها خواسته خواهد شد كه نسخه امريكايي را قبول دارند يا نسخه افغاني (اوغاني) را. به هر صورت شورا نسخه اوغاني را قبول و با اين كار فريب خواهند خورد بلاخره موافقه با عقد قرارداد اعلان گرديده ملت افغان يك بار ديگر فريب خواهد خورد، واي به حال ملت بيچاره با داشتن فهم كم و داشتن رهبران چون نجيب كابلي كه پيسه خور سازمان سياه است و حاضر است مثل اوباشان به چهره هاي سياسي و اگاه را به اشاره امريكا حمله و انها را خاين و ديوانه حساب نمايند.

  • اینهم نکات مهم سخنرانی کرزی دستنشانده در لویه جرگه امروز و تبصره بنده در پایان هر پراگراف:
    کرزی: در جریان این مذاکرات (موافقتنامه) با امریکا، رنگین دادفر اسپنتا، مشاور امنیت ملی، اشرف غنی احمدزی، رئیس پیشین برنامه انتقال مسئولیت‌های امنیتی، بسم‌الله محمدی،وزیر دفاع افغانستان و زلمی رسول، وزیر پیشین خارجه افغانستان دخیل بودند.
    تبصره: نام های این جهار نفر به شمول کرزی باید در صدر لست وطنفروشان در تاریخ افغانستان ثبت شود.
    کرزی:آنها میخواهند 9 پایگاه نظامی در افغانستان داشته باشند: کابل، مزارشریف، هرات، قندهار، ننگرهار، شیندند، بگرام، گردیز و هلمند.
    تبصره: یک هفته قبل چوکره کرزی (سپنتا) ادعا کرد که امریکائی ها فقط یک پایگاه نظامی در بگرام میخواهد. اما در فرودگاه مزار ، هرات، هلمند و قندهار یک احاطه محدود مربوط عساکر امریکائی خواهد بود.
    تبصره: سپنتای چوکره مانند بادارش نیز به دروغگوئی عادت کرده. حالا کرزی در سخنرانی خود در لویه جرگه بلاخره گربه از جوال رها کرد.
    کرزی: من می‌دانم که آوردن صلح بدست آمریکایی‌ها است و تجربه که در ده سال گذشته بدست آورده ام به من نشان می‌دهد که صلح بدست آمریکا است. اول اگر آمریکا و دوم اگر پاکستان در کنار افغانستان ایستاد شوند، هم در افغانستان و هم در پاکستان صلح تامین خواهد شد.
    تبصره:این یک اعتراف تاریخی کرزی است که نشان میدهد، که تا حال امریکا در کنار افغانستان ایستاده نبود. از پاکستان که گله نیست.
    کرزی : در صورتیکه اعضای لویه جرگه موافقتنامه امنیتی را تایید کند و مجلس افغانستان آن را تصویب کند، بعد از آن باز هم ما امضای این توافقنامه را تا بعد از انتخابات موکول خواهیم و این تضمینی خواهد بود برای حمایت کامل آمریکا از برگزاری یک انتخابات شفاف.
    تبصره: این هم یک هشدار خیلی واضح به کاندیدان ریاست جمهوری آینده. کسی برنده انتخابات خواهد شد، که این موافقتنامه را امضأ کند.
    گرداننده جلسه لویه‌جرگه: اعلام کرد که اکنون ( 7:22 ساعت) پیش‌نویس موافقتنامه به زبان‌های فارسی دری و پشتو برای نمایندگان توزیع و بخش دوم برنامه پس از ده دقیقه وقفه آغاز خواهد شد.
    تبصره: یک موافقتنامه حیاتی و سرنوشت ساز برای مردم افغانستان که آزادی یا بردگی مردم ما را تعین میکند، هنوز تا ساعت 7:22 دقیقه امروز به "نمایندگان" مردم داده نشده است. انها باید در ظرف سه روز آینده سرنوشت مردم ما را تعین کنند. در کشور های دیگر که نمایندگان شان به مراتب با سواد تر و دارای تخصص اند، برای این نوع تصمیم گیری ماه ها بعضی اوقات سال ها به کار دارند.
    بلقیس روشن : یکی از سناتوران زن به پا خاست و گفت که امضای این سند به معنی فروش خاک افغانستان به آمریکا است.
    تبصره: ببینیم که چند تای دیگر این "نمایندگان" مردم شهامت این زن را خواهند داشت.

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